Had a great time catching up with old friends last night at RSA. We have much to talk about this year, including greater recognition for bald security bloggers.
Maybe we’ll even get Rothman to shave?
Trust is under attack. So much so that security experts are calling networks “zero trust.” A recent Kaspersky Labs survey found 77% of US businesses had breaches in the previous 12 months.
This at a time when established, multi-billion dollar incumbents enjoy wide deployment in US enterprise networks. It is apparent that hackers have evolved tactics and strategies faster than leading security vendors, and exposure is increasing.
Can architectures created more than ten years ago adequately scale and adapt to survive an unprecedented onslaught of attacks and demands? Time will tell. With digitalization spreading, the worst is yet to come.
Without trust nothing is possible. Without security trust is not possible.
Read the rest of the story at TalkMarkets.
FIVE STARS: This book could have been a mystical revelation about the beliefs of the old world, which would have been fascinating historical fiction on its own. It could have been an exploration of sci-fi discovery, what would be suddenly possible and how people and religions might react to that. It could have been a Roman boy meets Egyptian girl sort of culture and identity metaphor. Reconciling it all together and sprinkling it with illusions, insights and points of reference in real history makes this book a bit special, when you think about it. That shouldn’t have worked, but it has.
Worrisomely on-target is a novel by my friend Gregory Ness – Antioch – that combines hard SF with fantasy and fretful observations on a new American Civil War and dark age. “In 2025 the U.S. disintegrates into angry mobs fueled by social media and misinformation. The once great nation turns away from science and tech in an effort to protect entrenched interests and preserve economic stability. Scientists are killed or exiled and laws passed to regulate innovation. … An American biologist’s dreams take him back to the Great Library of Alexandria where he witnesses the birth of western civilization. During the day he watches its disintegration.”
FOUR STARS: Without spoiling this beautifully done story, it takes us back and forth between the present, which is some years ahead of contemporary times, and thousands of years into the past, and then rolls us back and forth in an ever-consuming tale between now and then. The detail and imagery laced into the text about ancient Rome and Egypt, as well as Persia and Turkey, and their cultures and people, animates them, as if the reader is walking the stony streets of Alexandria. There is a beautiful love story which transcends time, depiction of brutal wars and great power struggles between Rome, Egypt and others – and the perspective of how Julius Caesar was, as a man, and a leader, makes the history books seem shallow in design.
Infrastructure Tech Vendors: Prepare for the Wildest of Rides
Just as VMware reveals an intent to become Airbnb for the cloud… a new Cisco study underscores massive future growth for cloud migration. This is not a coincidence. You can expect to see more data from other traditional IT vendors as the cloud becomes strategic to brownfield IT, not just the cloud-first teams.
This will be the cloud wave that brings the greatest disruption to the infrastructure hardware space, from the shift to GPUs for stream processing to more “cloud-enabled AirBNB’s” who use software to monetize enterprise cloud portability and security for traditional IT workloads.
That makes two recent acquisitions even more interesting.
Migration to the cloud is the biggest agenda for business enterprises today, with many plunging head-on into the cloud-race. Cisco released its assessment of the cloud industry up to 2020, called the Global Cloud Index Report. Cloud is going to grow big, with an estimation that it shall account for 92% of the data center traffic by 2020. Moreover, cloud traffic is expected to increase 3.7 times to 14.1ZB per year by 2020, a phenomenal rise. This will be driven by decided and rapid migration of enterprises to cloud architectures, whether public, private or hybrid.
Read coverage: Cloud Traffc to Grow 3.7X from 2015 to 2020, says Cisco
See also: The Cloud is Much Bigger than you Think
Yesterday NetworkWorld published a notable interview discussing one of the core challenges faced by IT as we enter the cloud and digital age: What to do with the existing, core apps residing in owned/leased data centers?
John Gallant asked CloudVelox CEO Raj Dhingra about the importance of cloud automation to the success of “brownfield” apps and the role of IT in becoming cloud-enabled.
With AWS, Azure, Google and a host of other service providers hovering around looking for an angle of attack on the bulk of enterprise IT spend, Gallant shines a light on the great cloud migration irony: The leading providers have been slow to address the cloud migration challenge with anything more than manual processes and image conversion tools re-branded as cloud migration tools, which aren’t feasible for enterprise apps with robust networking, management and security requirements.
They have not addressed the risks and costs required to migrate complex grownfield environments into their cloud. This issue came to light earlier with a groundbreaking Forrester survey: Labor costs can make up 50% of public cloud migration.
While the cloud providers grow quickly with new apps created in their clouds, they leave the bulk of IT spending on the table for competitors. They also leave traditional IT types stranded between cloud experts, extensive risks and processes, AMIs and complex, critical applications. It’s the essential recipe for a pyrrhic victory at a time of increasing budgetary scrutiny combined with security and digitalization pressures.
When the great cloud gap closes (because of automation) the real cloud battle will begin. Those who break the process lock-in with automation will be the real winners.
Read more cloud-related interviews and developments at the free Clouds monthly.
I spent most of last week at the Future in Review tech conference in Park City listening to a series of intense 30 minute sessions on tech disruptions occurring across multiple fields, from advanced materials and computing to oceanography and pharma. It’s the kind of breadth and depth that probably led The Economist to call Future in Review “The best technology conference in the world.” [Images are furnished courtesy of Kris Krug photography]
I’ve handpicked what I think are some of the most timely and relevant sessions for enterprise executives, including my session on Digitalization, Cloud and the 21st Century Enterprise.
Opening Keynote: William Janeway on Globalization, Trade, Immigration and Democracy
Janeway (Warburg Pincus) kicked off Fire with a brilliant keynote highlighting the micro effects of macro trends, explaining a great deal of the momentum behind Brexit and current US political realities. It was one of the most poignant and precise explanations of domestic reactions to globalization.
One key takeaway: societies need to do a better job of addressing the stresses and strains of global integration, including migration and trade and preparing for various shocks to the system.
READ MORE ABOUT JANEWAY’S KEYNOTE AT THE FIRE BLOG
It was a big panel because execs from Microsoft, Google/Waze, Accenture, Oracle, SOASTA and Avnet had a lot to say. We concluded that most large enterprises were not prepared for the digital/cloud age and would likely be disrupted by smaller companies with more focused digitalization and cloud projects. Agility and data would triumph over inertia. My mantra looking forward: “He (or she) with the best algorithm wins.”
“The emerging trend of digitalization is blurring the line between the physical and digital world. The dramatic reduction in the cost of data collection, storage and analysis in the last several years has opened the door for this change, and it’s changing the nature of business. Greg Ness guided a discussion. Panel on the consequences of digitalization on Day 2 of the Future in Review 2016 conference. Preston McAfee, Michael Schwarz, Mark Sunday, Tim Fitzgerald [not pictured], James Urquhart, and Edy Liongosari were also present as panel members.”
Perhaps one of the most grounded and provocative panels dealt with the rising tide of intellectual property being stole by nation-sponsored theft. The panel included the CEO of American Superconductor, a firm recently featured on 60 Minutes (The Great Brain Robbery) as a case study of IP theft and the damage in can wreak on a company and a nation.
“The session began with a clip from 60 Minutes, which went through the findings of an INVNT/IP report on China’s government sponsored theft of American IP. The clip also introduced the story of McGahn’s company, which suffered serious damage due to IP theft despite their best efforts.
Anderson spoke on China’s end game with the consistent flow of stolen IP to eventually take over major parts of the global economy. He suggested that relentless development was being used as an anesthetic by the Chinese government to quell public discontent.”
If you think the previous panel was bleak, the visualization of IP theft was even bleaker. Evan Anderson developed a database of known and suspected thefts from nation to nation to show a powerful visualization of intellectual property leaving the US for China and other nations. Russ Dagget moderated the panel discussion.
Anderson started by pointing out that INVNT/IP has a database of IP flows going back to 2001, originating from geotagged data points logging publicly disclosed thefts.
“The asset of innovation is intellectual property,” he said.
Montgomery visualized these flows by uploading them to collaborate.org. The resulting data was displayed on a globe, with animated arrows flowing from the origin country to the destination country of the IP. Red arrows referred to public thefts, purple to known but publicly undisclosed thefts, and black being projected and unknown threats.
It will be weeks if not months before I fully absorb all of the great content assembled by the Fire team. You can get a glimpse of the sessions here at the 2016 Fire agenda. I plan to post highlights of several other “must read” sessions from Future in Review here in coming weeks, based on time. Stay tuned.
Given the rise of digitalization and cloud and the impact of growing cyber threats, successful enterprises will have to be faster and more secure than ever across the next 3-5 years. If you miss the cloud you increase your chances to be a victim of theft and disruption. Check out the Clouds monthly newsletter for more on the much-needed cloud automation and orchestration revolution.
Special thanks to Kris Krug for the images used in this post. You can reach him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Join us for a world class panel on the impact of digitalization and cloud on the 21st century enterprise. Join us at Future in Review in Park City Sep 27-30.
I spent five minutes with Marc last week discussing recent system-wide outages at Delta, Southwest and Salesforce. We talked about the challenges facing enterprises with cobbled infrastructures under increased digitalization pressures. As said in the New Normal blog, we’re likely to see more of these types of outages in the future, until eneterprises invest in more advanced, scalable and secure infrastructures designed for the digital age we’re entering.
At CloudVelox we took a disaster recovery best practices survey more than a year ago and findings suggested that most IT departments didn’t test their secondary sites frequently enough to protect their workloads. Testing frequency is part of the problem. Reslience is another. Both are hard to address in infrastructures of cobble.
Delta, Southwest and Salesforce Infrastructures Mark New IT Reality
From the premier IT infrastructure of Salesforce.com to the cobbled infrastructures of major airlines, this year has been a watershed for system-wide outages. Why would we think that next year will be any different?
Digitalization pressures are escalating as customers and employees expect more convenience. And IT teams are adding new layers of cobble to old ones in an effort to keep up.
A recent article in Bloomberg nails the issue:
The failure of Delta Air Lines Inc.’s worldwide computer network this week spotlights the vulnerability of the information systems sustaining the biggest U.S. carriers, each of which has contended with major disruptions during the last year.
Complex networks cobbled together over the decades need major overhauls requiring significant new investments, said Bob Edwards, a former chief information officer for United Continental Holdings Inc. Recent flaws in computer systems quickly escalated into corporate black eyes that exacted costs in both money and reputation.
“I don’t believe the flight ops, maintenance, passenger service systems, crew and dispatch applications are engineered with the level of redundancy needed,” Edwards, who retired in 2014 under pressure after several service disruptions at United, said by telephone. More disruptions are a near certainty: “Mistakes will happen, devices will malfunction.”
We took a disaster recovery best practices survey more than a year ago and it demonstrated how broken “IT as usual” has become under the pressures of digitalization. IT pros didn’t have the time and/or resources to test their redundant systems in case there were failures, like those recently experienced by Southwest and Delta.
For more background read: DR is Broken but Don’t Blame IT.
The question becomes: Now that layers of cobbles are crumbling under the pressures of digitalization what does IT do next? The answer, ironically for the airline industry and others, is in the clouds. Otherwise, systemwide outages become a new normal.
If you’re interested in understanding what the future of IT will look like forget trying to forecast how many trillions in IT spending will be influenced by the cloud. We already know the number will be big, very big. Instead, leave that exercise to the hardware-bound vendors trying to predict how much time they have left as standalone companies.
A far more profound and meaningful question would address the impact that cloud will have on how enterprises operate, even in the very new future. Last fall I moderated a Future in Review panel on the cloud and new operating models. I managed to find it hidden on YouTube. At about 10min 30sec in we kicked into gear and started talking about how the definition of a company has changed and the increasingly fluid relationship between enterprise and customers.
How your company is defined and its customer relationships are much more important cloud considerations than the impacts of cloud spending on IT. Example: Uber
The term “uberfication” has already been used to describe a deep understanding of convenience, especially from a consumer perspective. Yet that definition is too narrow. Yes, we can watch a taxi automagically appear because Uber has built a transformational big data app that allows it to stay connected with drivers, fares and passengers in real-time. The real significance of Uber is in how it has redefined the taxi industry and established remarkably fluid relationships with customers.
Uber’s software, data and relationship with customers proved to be more valuable than ownership of fleets of cars and big yellow pages ads. The same could be said for a host of new app-centric firms including Airbnb.
In the last few minutes of the Future in Review cloud panel Azure’s Staten mentions a dairy farm in Israel using a big data app to track cows with bands (instead of bells) to boost milk productivity. The dairy farm is defined by its ability to optimize its cows for production (and reproduction). In Staten’s example the farm is using advanced supply chain capabilities to obtain competitive advantage.
The Israeli dairy farm didn’t need racks and stacks of servers. It used the cloud. Instead of rack maintenance it focused its resources on farming, applications and services.
Cisco’s Rajendran spoke about a case study recently presented at an industry tradeshow. Philips Healthcare used the cloud to manage unprecedented growth in patient medical records. Their infrastructure before the cloud could not scale to support the needs of their customers. So rather than give up and settle for business as usual they grew with their customer’s demands and improved patient care.
The successful enterprise of the 21st century will have a powerful application or service that differentiates it from those with massive, increasingly complex infrastructures requiring escalating maintenance costs. They’ll be agile and innovative at levels most organizations today don’t understand. And they’ll be able to scale with demand.
So the next time you see a massive cloud adoption statistic, think less about the spend trend and instead of how your team can shift to focusing on innovation and transformation versus traditional information and technology (a tip of the hat to Staten’s comment).
The cloud is about the unprecedented scale and distribution of computing power. It will create a vast new wave of wealth, market caps and business models.